Golden Spike is a body of work that explores Railroad Colonialism.  2019 was the 150 year anniversary of the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad. Golden Spike acknowledges the contributions of the Chinese immigrant workers that built the Central Pacific line out west.  Also recognized is the pattern of  Railroad Colonialism that pushed Native Americans from their land, stole natural resources, and utilized an empire-building strategy of domination.  Sacramento my home town, is the western starting place of the Central Pacific Railroad heading east.   Sacramento remains home to a large Chinese-American Community.  13 years after the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.


Golden Spike installation is made with  23k gilded railroad spike, 3/8” steel rod, and 2300 vanilla and chocolate fortune cookies.  


(Golden Spike is supported by Wonton Foods Inc,  Brooklyn, NY.)