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  Golden Spike is a body of work that explores railroad colonialism.  2019 was the 150-year anniversary of the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad. Golden Spike acknowledges the contributions of the Chinese immigrant workers who built the Central Pacific line out west.  Also recognized is the pattern of  railroad colonialism that pushed Native Americans from their land, stole natural resources, and utilized an empire-building strategy of domination.  My home town of Sacramento, California is the western starting place of the Central Pacific Railroad heading east.   Sacramento remains home to a large Chinese-American Community.  Thirteen years after the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.

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